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Declared as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO), Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), discovered in 2019, is a new strain of disease caused by coronaviruses (CoV).
See the fact file below for more information on the Coronavirus or alternatively, you can download our 21-page Coronavirus worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause diseases in mammals and birds, and cause respiratory tract infections in humans.
- Respiratory tract infections in humans can range from mild, such as the common cold, to severe infections such as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS).
- Coronaviruses are zoonotic, which means that they are transmittable between animals and people.
- Coronaviruses were first discovered in the late 1960s.
- Coronaviruses vary significantly in risk factor.
MERS AND SARS
- Prior to COVID-19, two of the most publicized human coronaviruses were the MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV.
- The Middle East Respiratory Syndrome-related Coronavirus or MERS-CoV is a species of coronavirus, which infects humans, bats, and camels.
- MERS-CoV was first reported in 2012.
- The SARS-CoV or Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-related coronavirus is another strain of coronavirus that infects humans, bats, and palm civets.
- The 2003 SARS outbreak killed about 9% of infected patients.
- The coronavirus disease of 2019, or commonly known as COVID-19, is an infectious disease caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).
- On December 31, 2019, the World Health Organization (WHO) China Country Office was informed of cases of pneumonia with unknown causes in Wuhan City, in the Hubei Province of China.
- Common symptoms of COVID-19 include fever, cough, and shortness of breath.
- Some less common symptoms include muscle pain, sputum production, and sore throat.
- There are cases that proceed to pneumonia, multi-organ failure, and death.
- The incubation period of the virus ranges from two to 14 days.
- There are three main paths that the disease might take: mild disease, like other common upper respiratory tract illnesses
pneumonia, which is an infection of the lower respiratory system
most severe, a rapid progression to Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS).
- Coronavirus can be transmitted through close human contacts via respiratory droplets generated by sneezing and coughing.
- According to WHO, the standard method of testing COVID-19 is through real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR).
- The test can be done using respiratory samples taken by swabs from the nose or throat, or by a sputum sample.
- Result availability can range from a few hours to two days.
- Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University suggested other methods to diagnose COVID-19 based on clinical features and epidemiological risks.
- People who have at least two of the following symptoms (1) fever, (2) imaging like x-ray featuring of pneumonia, (3) normal or reduced white blood cell count, or (4) reduced lymphocyte count, should be tested.
- The WHO released several basic preventive measures against COVID-19.
- Wash hands regularly. Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water for 20 seconds.
- By washing hands with soap and water or by using an alcohol-based hand rub, the virus that may be on your hands can be killed.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
- This can also be called social distancing.
- Maintain at least 1 meter (3 feet) distance between yourself and
- anyone who is sick.
- Cover coughs and sneezes.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or use the inside of your elbow.
- Wear facemasks.
- If you are sick, wear a facemask to prevent your respiratory droplets from spreading.
- Clean and disinfect.
- Clean and disinfect frequently-touched surfaces.
WHY IS THERE SO MUCH CONCERN?
- COVID-19 is highly infectious. If an area is densely populated, like a city, it can quickly spread.
- For the majority of people (80%), COVID-19 is very mild. If someone has an underlying condition like diabetes or high blood pressure, lung disease, cancer, or has a weak immune system, the situation is much more serious and they can quickly develop complications that can be deadly.
- COVID-19 is much more serious for people over the age of 65.
- The mortality rate of COVID-19 is below 5% worldwide, however, if it spreads to 60% of people around the world, that means millions of poor, old, and vulnerable people can die.
- One of the biggest challenges we’re facing with the COVID-19 pandemic is the pressure it’s putting on healthcare services. With many more people becoming sick and developing complications, more strain is being put on doctors, nurses, clinics, hospitals, testing facilities, and medical equipment like respirators.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Coronavirus across 21 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Coronavirus worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), discovered in 2019, which is a new strain of disease caused by coronaviruses (CoV).
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Coronavirus Facts
- More More More
- Fact or Bluff
- Track It
- Compare Them
- List Them
- Go Away
- Fight It!
- Thank You
- Flatten the Curve
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Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.